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Prevention of Avian Influenza

Prevention of Avian Influenza

1. Introduction to Avian Influenza
Avian influenza is an infection caused by avian influenza viruses. The viruses can be divided into highly pathogenic and low pathogenic strains based on the virulence for poultry. Among poultry (e.g., chicken, turkey, etc.), the avian influenza can be spread through droplets, droppings, personnel, vehicles, implements, eggs, migratory birds, and wild birds, causing the respiratory diseases and deaths of poultry. The avian influenza viruses do not usually infect humans; however, there still has a small possibility to be transmitted to people who have direct or close contact with infected poultry or their excretions, leading to be infected by inhalation or through contact with eye or nasal mucosa. Initial symptoms of avian influenza in humans is likely to that caused by flu, for instance, fever (greater than 38°C), sore throat, cough, muscle aches, headache, general malaise, etc., and sometimes the patients have vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain. Symptoms of lower respiratory tract, such as difficulty breathing may follow a few days later. Do a good job of self-protection, pay attention to personal hygiene, and follow the “Six Don’t and Three Do Guidelines” can effectively prevent the threat of avian influenza.

2. To Prevent Avian Influenza, Be Sure to Follow the “Six Don’t and Three Do Guidelines”
Six Don’t
A. Don’t feed migratory birds and ordinary birds in close distance.
B. Don’t travel to area where avian influenza is widespread to observe poultry farming or exhibitions.
C. Don’t purchase poultry products that come from unknown sources.
D. Don’t purchase and eat diseased poultry.
E. Don’t slaughter poultry on your own.
F. Don’t eat raw poultry meat, eggs, and their relevant products.
Three Do
A. Do wash hand diligently: Wash your hands with soap after contacting with the poultry meat, droppings, and raw eggshells.
B. Do eat fully-cooked poultry products: Avian influenza viruses cannot survive at high temperature. They can be killed by heating to 56°C for 3 hours, 60°C for 30 minutes, or 100°C for 1 minute.
C. Do strengthen your immune system: Through a balanced diet, regular exercise, adequate sleep and rest, and reducing stress.



To prevent avian influenza, be sure to follow the “Six Don’t and Three Do Guidelines” that can let us stay away from the threat of avian influenza.
To prevent avian influenza, be sure to follow the “Six Don’t and Three Do Guidelines” that can let us stay away from the threat of avian influenza.

Getting vaccinated regularly is one of the effective methods for preventing influenza viruses.
Getting vaccinated regularly is one of the effective methods for preventing influenza viruses.

  • Hit: 114074
  • Updated: 2012/11/22 17:19
  • Reviewed: 2014/8/26 10:06

  • Source: Department of Health, Taipei City Government